The production office is referred to the “front office” and includes staff such as the production manager, production coordinator and their assistants; the accounting staff; the assistant directors, sometimes the locations manager and assistants. The following are jobs within the production office:
- Production Manager – supervises the physical aspects of the production (not the creative aspects) including personnel, technology, budget and scheduling. It is the production manager’s responsibility to make sure the filming stays on schedule and within its budget. The production manager also helps manage the day-to-day budget by managing operating costs such as salaries, production costs and everyday equipment rental costs.
- Production Coordinator – the information nexus of the production. Responsible for organizing all the logistics from hiring crew, renting equipment, and booking talent. The production coordinator is an integral part of the film production.
- Assistant Director (1st and 2nd) – assists the production manager and the director. Generally in charge of overseeing the day-to-day management of the cast and crew including scheduling, equipment, script and the set.
- Production Assistant – assists the first assistant director with set operations. Production assistants, referred to as “pa’s”. Also assists in the production office with general tasks.
- Script supervisor – also known as “continuity person” keeps track of what parts of the script have been filmed and makes notes of any deviations between what was actually filmed and what appeared in the script.
The art department is responsible for the overall look of the film. In a major film it can include hundreds of people. Generally there are several sub-departments including an art director and set designers; the set decoration; the props master; construction headed by the construction coordinator; scenic headed by the key scenic artist and special effects.
- Construction Coordinator – overseas the construction of all the sets. The coordinator orders materials, schedules the work, and supervises the (often sizeable) crew of carpenters, painters and laborers.
- Head Carpenter – the foreman of a “gang” of carpenters and laborers.
- Greens – a specialized set dresser dealing with the artistic arrangement or landscape design of plant material. Sometimes real and sometimes artificial and usually a combination of both. Depending upon the amount of greens work in a film, the greensman may report to the art director or may report to the production designer.
- Director of Photography (D.P) – is the head of all technical departments on a film crew and is responsible for establishing how the script is translated into visual images based on the director’s request.
- Camera Operator (C.O.) – Works closely with the D.P to determine the composition for each shot as instructed by the director. The primary job of the camera operator is to make smooth pan and tilt moves in order to maintain the composition of the subject and also the keeps the action within the frame lines.
- First Assistant Cameraman ( 1st A.C.) (Focus Puller) – knows and understands all professional motion picture camera equipment and accessories currently used in the industry. 1st A.C. Reads the script so that he/she is aware of the story and recommends any special equipment that may be need to carry out specific shots and is responsible for the overall care and maintenance of all camera equipment during production.
- Second Assistant Cameraman ( 2nd A.C.) (Clapper/Loader) – before production, 2nd A.C. Must obtain a supply of empty cans, black bags, camera reports, and cores from the lab or asks the production manger to arrange for these supplies, prepares a list of expendables with the 1st A.C, also preps camera package along with the 1st A.C.
- Loader – loads and unloads all film magazines during the course of filming, properly labels all loaded film magazines and cans of exposed film and short ends, prepares exposed film for delivery to the lab and delivers it to the production company representative at the end of each shooting day, and also provides all the necessary tools and accessories that are associated with performing the job.
Make up department
- Make-up Artist – plays a very important role in the overall appearance of the talent. The goal of the make up artist is to make everyone on screen look as good as possible. He/she works closely with the director and production team to create the look that is required for the various parts of the movie. The make-up artist also uses their skills to minimize the potential negative effects of the harsh lighting.
- Hair Stylist – prepares the performers scalp and skin and creates hairstyles that suit production requirements.
- Location Scout – location scouting is a vital process in the pre-production stage of filmmaking and commercial photography. Location scouts work directly with producers and director have decided what general scenery is required to meet the creative needs of the project outside of the studio space the search for compatible locations begins. Locations are selected both in terms of the “look” they offer but also the feasibility and ease of filming at the particular location. Access to a power source, parking, etc are all important factors the location scout must take into consideration.
- Location Manager – is responsible for making all the practical arrangements necessary for filming on location. Duties include but are not limited to: creating and entering into location contract agreements, creating parking plans for working vehicles, identifying and arranging for power and water sources, working with affected residents, property owners, and businesses.
- Property Master – is responsible for the procurement or production, inventory , care and maintenance of all props associated with productions, ensuring that they are all available on time, and with budgetary requirements. They also ensure that selected props suit the film style and overall design, and that they reflect the production’s time period and culture.